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Keynote Lectures

The Digital Accessibility from the User Point of View
Julio Abascal, University of the Basque Country/Euskal Herriko Uniberstitatea, Spain

The Future of Human-Computer Interaction: From HCI to Citizen-Environment Interaction (CEI) in Cooperative Cities and Societies
Norbert Streitz, Founder and Scientific Director, Smart Future Initiative, Germany

The Ordinal Nature of Psychophysiology
Georgios Yannakakis, University of Malta, Malta

The Role of Physiological Data in Neurorehabilitation
Eduardo Rocon, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Spain

 

The Digital Accessibility from the User Point of View

Julio Abascal
University of the Basque Country/Euskal Herriko Uniberstitatea
Spain
 

Brief Bio
Julio Abascal is a Professor of the Computer Architecture and Technology Department of the UPV/EHU since 1981. In 1985 he co-founded the EGOKITUZ Laboratory of HCI for Special Needs. His research activity is focused on the application of HCI methods and techniques to the Assistive Technology, including the design of ubiquitous, adaptive and accessible user interfaces. He is the Spanish representative in the IFIP TC 13 on HCI from 1991, and the former and founder chairman (in 1993) of IFIP WG 13.3 “HCI and Disability”.


Abstract
From its foundation in 1985, the Egokituz Laboratory of HCI for Special Needs has researched the application of diverse HCI methodologies and technologies to enhance the inclusion and digital accessibility of people with diverse types of disabilities. Along this time we discovered that the human side of the HCI requires specific attention that technology oriented people -we- are not always qualified to pay. In this talk I will review some mistakes that lead us to learn it and our approaches to overcome them.



 

 

The Future of Human-Computer Interaction: From HCI to Citizen-Environment Interaction (CEI) in Cooperative Cities and Societies

Norbert Streitz
Founder and Scientific Director, Smart Future Initiative
Germany
 

Brief Bio

Dr. Dr. Norbert Streitz (Ph.D. in physics, Ph.D. in cognitive science) is a Senior Scientist and Strategic Advisor with more than 35 years of experience in information and communication technology. Founder and Scientific Director of the Smart Future Initiative launched in 2009. From 1987-2008, he held positions as Deputy Director and Division Manager at the Fraunhofer Institute IPSI, Darmstadt, e.g., founding and managing the research division "AMBIENTE - Smart Environments of the Future". Teaching appointments at the Department of Computer Science, Technical University Darmstadt for more than 15 years. Before Fraunhofer, he was Assistant Professor at the Technical University Aachen (RWTH), where he founded and managed ACCEPT (AaChen Cognitive Ergonomics ProjecT). At different times of his career, he was a post-doc research fellow at the University of California, Berkeley, a visiting scholar at Xerox PARC, Palo Alto, and at the Intelligent Systems Lab of MITI, Tsukuba Science City, Japan.

Norbert has published/edited 28 books and authored/coauthored more than 150 scientific peer-reviewed papers. His research and teaching activities are determined by a strong interdisciplinary approach and cover a wide range of areas: Cognitive Science, Human-Computer Interaction, Hypertext/ Hypermedia, Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), Ubiquitous Computing, Ambient Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence, Interaction and Experience Design, Privacy by Design, Hybrid Worlds, Smart Manufacturing/ Industry 4.0, Autonomous Driving, Smart Cities and Smart Airports.

Norbert was principal investigator and manager of many projects funded by the European Commission (EC) (e.g., Disappearing Computer Initiative, Ambient Agoras, Towards the Humane City, …) and by industrial as well as national and international funding agencies. Reviewer and evaluation expert for the EC, member of Editorial Boards (e.g., Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments, Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing) and Advisory Boards of research institutes in Europe and Asia, senior advisor and consultant. Norbert is regularly invited as a keynote speaker at international commercial as well as scientific events (http://www.smart-future.net/events-and-talks).

Norbert organized many conferences as general or program chair and served on the corresponding committees during his long career, too many to list here. In 2013, he initiated the series of International Conferences on Distributed, Ambient and Pervasive Interactions (DAPI), which is still chaired by him and now in its seventh edition as DAPI 2019 (http://2019.hci.international/dapi).


Abstract
Instead of dealing with individual, personal desk-top computers, laptops, tablets, smartphones, etc., experiences and interactions of humans with “computers” will increasingly take place in the context of interacting with “smart artifacts” integrated into the environment and in a next phase with “smart materials” constituting “smart ecosystems”. This has serious implications for the future of what currently is still called “human-computer-interaction”.
There is not only a shift from laptops and smartphones to smart artifacts and smart materials embedded in the environment, but also a shift in terms of scale and context, ranging from individual devices for personal activities to multiple devices used in group activities and social interactions. This is followed by the progression from smart rooms to smart or cooperative buildings and their extension to smart urban environments as, e.g., smart cities and airports. The trend towards more comprehensive application contexts requires a corresponding shift from a mostly individual person-based user-centered design approach to a multiple people and multiple devices-based citizen-centered design approach for smart urban environments we are confronted with in the urban age.

The ubiquitous and pervasive deployment of smart technology in urban environments has serious implications for privacy and security issues. This goes along with an increasing trend of using artificial intelligence for algorithm-based automation and autonomous systems resulting in a loss of having humans in the loop and in control. Thus, we are confronted with the challenge to address the corresponding design trade-offs and the need to rethink and redefine the “smart-everything” paradigm in order to move beyond “smart-only” cities to Humane, Sociable and Cooperative Hybrid Cities and Societies.  

The implications will be discussed along the following summary lines:

-          Shift from Human-Computer Interaction to Human-Environment Interaction
-          Shift from Human-/User-Centered Design to Citizen-Centered Design
-          Usable Privacy and Security by Design and by Default
-          Human in the Loop and in Control vs. Automation and Autonomous Systems
-          Redefining the “Smart-Everything” Paradigm

Reference
Norbert Streitz (2018). Beyond 'Smart-Only' Cities: Redefining the 'Smart-Everything' Paradigm. 
Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing. pp. 1 - 22.
Available as First-online: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12652-018-0824-1



 

 

The Ordinal Nature of Psychophysiology

Georgios Yannakakis
University of Malta
Malta
 

Brief Bio
Georgios N. Yannakakis (yannakakis.net) is a Professor and Director of the Institute of Digital Games, University of Malta. He is a leading expert of the game artificial intelligence research field with core theoretical contributions in machine learning, evolutionary computation, affective computing and player modelling, computational creativity and procedural content generation. He has published more than 220 papers and his work has been cited broadly. He has attracted funding from several EU and national research agencies and received multiple awards for published work in top-tier journals and conferences. His work has been featured in New Scientist, Science Magazine, The Guardian, Le Monde and other venues. He is regularly invited to give keynote talks in the most recognised conferences in his areas of research activity and has organised a few of the most respected conferences in the areas of game AI and game research. He has been an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Computational Intelligence and AI in Games and the IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing journals; he is currently an Associate editor of the IEEE Transactions in Games. He is the co-author of the Artificial Intelligence and Games Textbook.


Abstract
How is a psychological state best labelled and in turn captured by a computational model? What are the challenges of annotating the magnitude of physiological manifestations? Is it meaningful to represent any subjective phenomenon as a number of predefined classes? 
What if the magnitude or the class of an emotion are simply irrelevant (or even inappropriate!) labels for modelling psychophysiology? 
In this talk I will attempt to address the above questions by viewing the field of psychophysiology under an ordinal perspective. I will first outline the theoretical reasons and empirical evidence to favour ordinal labels for representing and annotating psychological states and then I will discuss the good, bad and ugly practices of their processing. The advantages of the ordinal approach will be showcased via a number of representative studies in machine learning, psychophysiology, affective computing, and human computer interaction. 
I will conclude the talk by reflecting upon the main limitations of the ordinal perspective.



 

 

The Role of Physiological Data in Neurorehabilitation

Eduardo Rocon
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Spain
 

Brief Bio
Eduardo Rocon was born in Vitoria, Brazil (1979). He graduated in Electrical Engineering at Universidade Federal do Espiríto Santo (UFES) in 2001. Subsequently he moved to Spain to pursue a Ph.D. degree in Industrial Engineering at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid with Prof. A. Barrientos and Prof. J.L. Pons. His Ph.D. thesis (2006), for which he was awarded the Georges Giralt PhD Award (2008), focused on the development of a rehabilitation robotic exoskeleton that provides a means of testing and validating non grounded control strategies for robotic exoskeletons for active upper limb tremor suppression. Dr. Rocon continued his work in tremor suppression and the application of neuroprosthetics and neurorobotics in rehabilitation on a post-doctoral contract from 2006 to 2009. In 2009, Dr. Rocon was awarded with a Ramón y Cajal contract to continue developing his activities (the most competitive and prestigious postdoc contract in Spain). At the age of 30, Dr. Rocon got a tenured researcher position (2010-present) at CSIC. His career has recently been awarded the prestigious Juan Lopez de Peñalver Award of the Spanish Royal Academy of Engineering. Dr. Rocon’s multidisciplinary work has contributed to different aspects of robotics, neuroscience and medicine. Dr. Rocon research activities have generated more than 150 publications scientific publication, 1 book, 9 book chapters, and 7 patents.


Abstract
This talk will introduce our research activity focused on the development of technologies to understand, monitor and restore human motor control. As part of these activities, we have expanded our research from pure robotics to the emerging field of neural engineering, adopting emerging technologies and drawing a stronger inspiration from neuroscience. In this field, the symbiotic relationship between humans and robots transcends the boundaries of simple physical interaction. It involves smart sensors, actuators, algorithms and control strategies capable of gathering and decoding complex human expressions or physiological phenomena. Once this process is complete, robots use the information to adapt, learn and optimize their functions, or even to transmit back a response resulting from a cognitive process occurring within the robot. In order to develop such interfaces, we have been developing interfaces based on physiological data in its different dimensions, either bioelectrical, biomechanical, biochemical or biophysical, in order to assess the generation, transmission and execution of motions. Our hypothesis is that this approach will improve neurophysiologic knowledge of human motor control and enable the development of cognitive interfaces more robust and functional. The contribution to these research lines will be illustrated by our developments in particular scenarios: development of a robotic solutions for tremor suppression and rehabilitation of people with mobility impairments, and the development of robotic, interfaces and serious games for the rehabilitation of children with Cerebral Palsy.



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